What is CFA and its Scope ?

What is CFA

In the financial business, one of the most prominent credentials is the Chartered Financial  Analyst (CFA) designation. It is a crucial certificate for finance professionals because it is  widely recognized and highly valued worldwide. Professionals with training and experience are  in more demand as the financial sector gets more complex. This blog will explore the following topics: what is CFA, who should think about it, eligibility requirements, syllabus, exam format,  degree of difficulty, study techniques, scope in 2024, employment prospects, anticipated pay,  and FAQ.

What is a CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst)?

The CFA Institute awards professional designations such as Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA). Candidates who complete the CFA program will have a thorough understanding of derivatives, equities, bonds, financial analysis, and investment management. The CFA charter is regarded as the industry standard for anyone working in investment management.

Who Should Consider Pursuing CFA?

Finance professionals who want to progress in their professions in investment management may consider earning the CFA designation. This covers positions like financial counselors, investment bankers, research analysts, and portfolio managers. It is also appropriate for people who want to learn everything there is to know about investments and financial markets.

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Eligibility Criteria for the CFA Exam

To enroll in the CFA program, candidates must meet the following criteria:


  1. Education: A bachelor’s degree or equivalent.
  2. Professional Experience: A combination of 4,000 hours of professional work experience and higher education.
  3. Other Requirements:
  1. Live in one of the participating nations.
  2. Hold a passport valid internationally.
  3. Send in a form for a Professional Conduct Statement.

CFA Syllabus and Weightage

The CFA curriculum is divided into three levels, each with specific topics and weightage. Here’s a detailed look at the syllabus for each level:

CFA Level 1

Topic Weightage
Ethical and Professional Standards 15-20%
Quantitative Methods 8-12%
Economics 8-12%
Financial Statement Analysis 13-17%
Corporate Finance 8-12%
Equity Investments 10-12%
Fixed Income 10-12%
Derivatives 5-8%
Alternative Investments 5-8%
Portfolio Management and Wealth Planning 5-8%

CFA Level 2

Topic Weightage
Fixed Income 10-15%
Derivatives 5-10%
Alternative Investments 5-10%
Portfolio Management and Wealth Planning 10-15%
Ethical and Professional Standards 10-15%
Quantitative Methods 5-10%
Economics 5-10%
Financial Statement Analysis 10-15%
Corporate Finance 5-10%
Equity Investments 10-15%

CFA Level 3

Topic Weightage
Ethical and Professional Standards 10-15%
Economics 5-10%
Equity Investments 10-15%
Derivatives 5-10%
Alternative Investments 5-10%
Fixed Income 15-20%
Portfolio Management and Wealth Planning 35-40%

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CFA Exam Pattern

The CFA exams are structured to test a candidate’s knowledge and skills comprehensively.
CFA Level 1

  • Format: Multiple choice questions.
  • Duration: Two sessions of 3 hours each.
  • Total Questions: 240 (120 per session).

CFA Level 2

  • Format: Item set questions (case studies).
  • Duration: Two sessions of 3 hours each.
  • Total Questions: 120 (21 case studies, each with 6 or 4 questions).

CFA Level 3

  • Format: Constructed response (essay) and item set questions.
  • Duration: Two sessions of 3 hours each.
  • Total Questions: 8-12 essay questions and 11 item set questions.

CFA Exam Difficulty

The CFA examinations are renowned for being difficult. The exam’s difficulty is reflected in the comparatively low pass rates. Because Level 3 emphasizes portfolio management and includes essay problems, it is frequently regarded as the hardest level.

How To Prepare for CFA Exams

Study Plan: Create a detailed study plan covering all topics.

Study Materials: Use CFA Institute’s curriculum and other reputable study aids.

Practice tests: To determine your level of readiness, take several practice tests.

Participate in study groups to learn together.

Time management: Based on weighting, allot enough time for each topic.

Scope for CFA in 2024

The role of CFAs is still growing in 2024, particularly in emerging countries and major international financial centers. The need for qualified individuals with CFA certifications is driven by the growing complexity of financial markets and investment products. It is anticipated that positions in financial analysis, risk management, investment management, and consultancy would expand significantly.

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Job Opportunities and Salary after CFA

CFAs are highly sought after by top financial institutions such as KPMG, PwC, Deloitte, JP Morgan Chase, and others. Here are some potential job roles and salary ranges for CFAs in 2024:

Job Role Average Salary (INR)
Portfolio Manager 7-15 LPA
Research Analyst 6-12 LPA
Risk Manager 8-14 LPA
Investment Banking Analyst 9-16 LPA
Financial Advisor 5-10 LPA


In the finance business, the CFA certificate continues to be one of the most prestigious and difficult certifications. It provides a wealth of chances for both financial gain and career advancement. The CFA program is an important step in reaching professional excellence for people who are dedicated to a career in investment management.


1. Is CFA worth pursuing?

Ans: Absolutely, the CFA designation is globally recognized and provides excellent career prospects in finance and investment management

2. Why is the CFA program is so hard?

Ans: The CFA program is challenging due to its extensive curriculum, demanding exams, and the depth of knowledge required across various financial topics.

3. Which level of CFA is toughest?

Ans: Many CFA charter holders find Level 3 to be the toughest, as it focuses on portfolio management and includes essay-based questions.

4. Can CFA level 1 candidates gets hired?

Ans : Yes, many companies hire CFA Level 1 candidates, typically for entry-level positions such as research analyst or junior portfolio manager, with salaries ranging from ₹4 to 6 LPA.

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